Understanding Fever in Children
Our normal body temperature varies between 98.6 degree Fahrenheit to 99.5 degree Fahrenheit. Any temperature above this is called as fever. When a child gets fever, the head and chest will be hot while the peripheries like hands and legs remain cold.
We normally measure the temperature by keeping the thermometer under the armpits. When the temperature rises above 100, the child needs to be treated.
Most times, the child gets fever because of viral infections; we do not have to worry about this as these are self-limiting and will resolve in 3-5 days time.
When a child has fever, give them plenty of fluids like water, juices and keep them hydrated.
You can also keep the room cooler by opening the windows and switching the fan on but, ensure that the child is not directly kept under the fan. Also make sure that the child is clothed comfortably in light cotton clothes. Don’t over dress him.
We can also use antipyretic drugs such as paracetamol and brufen as prescribed by your doctor at regular intervals. Using these medications for 2 to 3 days is not harmful for the child.
There are some conditions were you need to get worried
• The temperature is very high
• The temperatures are not coming down in spite of using antipyretic medication
• If the child is not active or if the child has any underlying medical conditions
Under these circumstances, please consult your doctor.