Swine Flu (H1N1)
Swine flu is a highly contagious respiratory infection caused by one of the several swine influenza A viruses.

How it is transmitted:
•Inhalation or ingestion of droplets containing virus from people sneezing or coughing
• Coming into contact with an object or surface that is contaminated with the virus and then touching your mouth, eyes or nose

How it is not transmitted:
• Swine flu is not transmitted by consuming pork if it has been cooked properly

Common Symptoms of H1N1:
• High Fever usually 101 degrees Fahrenheit or more
• Dry cough
• Vomit & Diarrhoea
• Tiredness and loss of appetite
• Severe headache
• Severe discomfort in the chest
• Severe aches
• Chills (in most cases)

By analysing in the lab – nose or throat swab from the infected person.

The treatment for swine flu is largely supportive. Antiviral medications such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) may be prescribed to help reduce some of the symptoms.
Supportive care includes:
• Getting lots of bed rest
• Increasing fluid consumption

• Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with soap and warm water
• Cover your nose and mouth with tissue while sneezing since the virus can spread when particles are dispersed into the air through a a cough or sneeze
• Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth
• Keep yourself hydrated
• Stay at home if you fall sick and avoid physical contact with anyone around you who is unwell
• Get adequate rest to boost your immune system

Difference between common cold, seasonal flu and swine flu:
___Onset of Symptoms___
Common cold: A few days
Seasonal flu: Symptoms develop over a few days
Swine flu: Rapid onset of symptoms (high fever, aches etc) usually within 3 to 5 hours.

Common cold: Not present
Seasonal flu: Usually, present
Swine flu: Severe diarrhoea and vomit are common

Common cold: Not common
Seasonal flu: Mild to moderate
Swine flu: Majority (about 60%) experience chills

Common cold: Mucus-producing cough
Seasonal flu:  Dry cough
Swine flu: Dry cough

Common cold: Commonly present
Seasonal flu: Commonly present
Swine flu: Sneezing is not common

Common cold: Slight body ache
Seasonal flu: Moderate body ache
Swine flu: Severe body ache and pain are common

Common cold: Usually, mild tiredness
Seasonal flu: Moderate
Swine flu: Moderate to severe tiredness

___Sore Throat___
Common cold: Commonly present
Seasonal flu: Commonly present
Swine flu: Not commonly present

Team Ovum Hospitals