Dyslexia is a common learning disability seen in children. It is a condition wherein the child is unable to read to an expected level for that specific age in spite of a normal intelligence and adequate opportunity to learn. These children have normal vision and hearing. It is most often diagnosed in the school age years, it is a difficult diagnosis to make and sometimes it takes several years before the child is discovered to have dyslexia. Dyslexia is caused by the deficit in the neural path ways transmitting signals to and from the brain which is required to interpret the correlation of letters in a word to sounds of the spoken word. This is called as phonemic awareness, it is an inborn deficit and has a genetic factor as a possible cause as it tends to run in families. It is not the result of poor parenting. In terms of symptoms, younger children can exhibit signs of delayed talking and difficulty in learning rhymes. Now, school going children can exhibit slow and hesitant reading, they can have poor reading comprehension, they can show difficulty in copying from the board, definitely have trouble with spellings, they struggle to remember the sequence of letters in a word where an act will be written as or read as cat, regularly they write backwards where tap will be written as pat, problems with learning a foreign language and they can also have problems with hand writing and mathematical skills. Reading constitutes a vital part of schooling and education. Now, children are taught how to read in grades 1 and 2. However, when they get to grade 3 they need to comprehend a lot of information from varied reading materials. Now, it is usually at this time that the child faces difficulty in understanding and exhibits poor academic performance in all subjects. The child may initially be thought of as lazy and of poor intelligence causing them to be condemned by their family, friends or teachers, which can in the long term affect their self-esteem and behaviour. Now, children with dyslexia have an increased chance of having co-existing ADHD, which is your Attention Deficit Hyper-activity Disorder. When you do notice that your child is below the expected level for reading or has any of the other symptoms of dyslexia then do consult with your paediatrician. Your doctor will then advice some of the following. Initially, he or she will interview you thoroughly to assess the extent of the problem. He will ask for a hearing and eye exam to ensure that there are no deficits in vision or hearing, definitely get a neurology or a brain specialist to consult to rule out any conditions that may be causing such symptoms. Then you will be referred to a psychologist or paediatric developmental specialist who will assess your child’s developmental statist, test their reading skills and then guide you with the necessary means to obtain help for your child. Now, with patients understanding and appropriate help, your child can develop strategies to overcome the disability and fare well in their academics over time. Now, children with dyslexia can do very well and be accomplished in other fields such as Thomas Edison, Leonardo Da Vinci, John Lenon etc. are some of the famous dyslexics.