Bleeding Gums during Pregnancy

• It is fairly common for women to have sensitive gums and/or to have bleeding from the gums while pregnant
• Most women experience this in the second or the third trimester of pregnancy
• Rising levels of hormones (progesterone) in the blood stream lead to inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), making gums swollen and tender and susceptible to bleeding while brushing and / or flossing teeth
• Gingivitis is usually harmless, but left unaddressed could lead to decaying of teeth and to periodontitis, which weakens the bones that keep the teeth attached to the jaw
• Periodontitis increases the risk of pre-term labor and of developing high blood pressure during pregnancy

What can you do about it?
• Get periodic checkups done by your dentist while pregnant to ensure healthy teeth
• Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing after each meal, floss every day and rinse your mouth thoroughly before going to bed (Please consult your doctor, who might be able to recommend mouth wash that is safe to use during pregnancy)
• Remember to clean between the teeth, since food particles often get stuck here
• Women who are diabetic are more prone to gum diseases, so keeping sugar levels under control is recommended
• Smoking worsens the problem and should be completely avoided during pregnancy

Summary
• Many women experience swelling and bleeding of the gums during the second and third trimester of pregnancy
• Maintain good oral hygiene by brushing, flossing and rinsing to proactively address these dental issues
• Please see your dentist immediately if you experience any swelling and/or bleeding from the gums
• Left unaddressed dental issues could worsen, leading to decay and fall of teeth
• Getting timely treatment is important as in some women this also correlates with pre-term labor and/or high blood pressure

Team Ovum Hospitals