Introduction
• Backache is one of the most common problems of pregnancy
• The condition usually worsens as pregnancy progresses
• The increasing weight of the fetus impacts your posture and also the way you walk during pregnancy
• The back arches inwards to balance the weight in the front aggravating back pain
• In preparation of birth, the pregnancy hormones make the ligaments and joints around the pelvis and back area loose leading to back pain
• The growing baby puts pressure on the sciatic nerve (starting from the lower back and going down to buttocks and legs). This adds to the discomfort
• Though usually not a serious problem, please consult your doctor immediately if you experience severe back pain suddenly with or without vaginal bleeding, fever etc.

What can you do about it?
• Try to keep your posture straight
• Take periodic breaks from work and get up to take short walks
• Insert breaks in your schedule to give adequate rest to your back
• Wear comfortable shoes (preferably without heels)
• Support your back with a small pillow while sitting or driving
• While lifting anything, keep your back straight and bend at the knees
• Use heat pads or ice packs as needed to relieve back pain
• Please consult your doctor who may recommend some back exercises that are safe during pregnancy
• Do not use any pain killers without consulting your doctor

Summary
• Backache is one of the most common problems of pregnancy and typically worsens as the pregnancy progresses
• Several reasons lead to back pain including- the weight of the growing fetus, the hormones preparing the body for labor, changing posture etc.
• There are several simple techniques that can help relieve/ ease back pain such as wearing comfortable shoes, maintaining a good posture, taking ample rest, using hot/ cold packs etc.
• In most cases the condition is harmless and reverses after delivery
• Please see your doctor immediately if you experience severe back pain suddenly with or without vaginal bleeding, fever etc. to rule out any complications

Team Ovum Hospitals